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Case Studies

Syros island (Cycladic Islands, Greece)


Syros, with an area of 84 sq. km. and a coastline of 87 km., lies in the middle of the Cycladic islands complex. It is the administrative center of the Cyclades, and its permanent population is about 20,000 inhabitants. Ermoupolis, the capital of Syros, is home to about 65% of the island's population, as well as all of the administrative structures for the Cycladic prefecture. The island presents a rugged terrain with sloped grounds and ravines; the northern part is mountainous and barren, with altitudes of 300-400 m above sea level, as opposed to the low-altitude south. 

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Sardinian region (Italy)

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Sardinia is an island in the middle of the Mediterranean where agriculture and tourism represent two important economical activities. Population: 1.161.000 half of which distributed in 4 cities; Surface: 24.090 km2 of which 13,6% mountain, 67,9% hills, 18,5 plains. 

 

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Merguellil catchment (Kairouan, central Tunisia)

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The Merguellil catchment is located in Kairouan, central Tunisia. The area has an agricultural profile and presents a highly variable hydrological regime, which has been significantly altered by extensive water and soil conservation works. In the Kairouan plain, agriculture is the main water use sector, dependent on water abstractions from the local aquifer. The main water infrastructure is the El Haouareb dam (capacity of 95 hm3), constructed for flood protection and surface water regulation. The reservoir has often dried completely in the last decade, due to infiltration in karstic fissures, evaporation losses and reduction in streamflow due to water works in the upper catchment.

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Jordan River Basin (Jordan)

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The Jordanian 'Jordan River' basin (JRB) represents the eastern bank of the lower Jordan River watershed extending from Tiberias Lake in the north to the Dead Sea in the south. JRB is part of the Great Rift Valley that extends from the Horn of Africa to as far to north western Syria. The Jordan River basin has a total area of 18300 Km2 in area, is shared by 5 different countries: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Palestine and Israel. The area of the Basin within Jordan is 7,627 Km2.

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The Rosetta area, Nile Delta (Egypt)

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The Nile River is the second longest river in the world being 6700 km long, with a basin area of about 3 million km2. The river travels through ten African countries from South to North draining finally into the Mediterranean. The river provides more than 97% of Egypt's water requirements. Agriculture consumes more than 85% of the available water resources, employing more than 30% of the population, and contributing about 18% of the country's GDP. Thus, the country's economy and security is very sensitive to changes in river flow arriving at the High Aswan Dam lake at the Egyptian-Sudanese borders, as the dam is the major regulatory facility on the river.

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Newsflash
Final Conference

WASSERMed Final Conference
Milan - FEEM Palazzo delle Stelline
21-22 February 2013

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New Paper

A new paper has been published by the Wassermed Team at the University of Exeter.

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Water Availability and Security in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean)
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Climate Change, Hydro-conflicts and Human Resources
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Climate Induced Changes on the Hydrology of Mediterranean Basins: Reducing Uncertainty and Quantifying Risk through an Integrated Monitoring and Modeling System
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